Research in the Baynes Lab covers a number of topics encompassing language and neurological disorders.
The Corina Cognitive Neurolinguistics Research Laboratory is dedicated to understanding the processes of perceiving and producing signed and spoken languages.
Our sensory worlds are filled with information, but we are only aware of a small proportion of it at any particular moment in time. Attention is the mechanism that prioritizes processing according to our goals. But what determines what our goals are and how well we can maintain them over time and in the face of distractions? Research in the lab focuses on how behavioral goals and prior experiences interact with sensory events to determine perception and cognition. To study these topics we use a combination of eye-tracking, psychophysics, fMRI and EEG/ERPs, and work with others to use TMS, pharmacology and patient studies.
The main focus of our research concerns the development of memory and metamemory in childhood. Broadly, we address questions such as: What are the building blocks of the developing ability to encode, store, and retrieve episodic memories from one’s own past? How does the subjective experience of remembering develop? What are the mechanisms underlying the complementary ability to remember nonoccurrences (i.e., remember that events did not happen)?
Research in the Language Learning Lab investigates the mechanisms that infants use to acquire language, with a special emphasis on the extraction of statistical properties from the linguistic input.
The Human Experiences and Affective Development Lab uses cognitive neuroscience methods to examine typical and atypical development of social and affective brain systems in adolescents.
The HERDLab explores the factors contributing to children's social and emotional development. We examine the contributions of "nurture" through children's close relationships with family and friends, and "nature" through their autonomic and neuroendocrine regulatory systems. Our focus is on understanding how these factors shape developmental trajectories toward adaptive functioning, like compassion and social competence, and maladaptive functioning, like aggression and anxiety.
The Janata lab investigates how human brains engage with music. Paradigms range from psychophysical studies of the acuity of mental images for pitch, to neuroimaging studies of music-evoked memories and emotions, and behavioral examinations of sensorimotor coupling, i.e how people move along with music.
Research in our lab focuses on the development of young children's knowledge about people in terms of their inner, mental lives--what a person desires, intends, believes, thinks about, and feels emotionally.
Our laboratory seeks to understand the operation of the human mind and brain and to use this knowledge to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of neurocognitive disorders, especially schizophrenia. We also specialize in ERP methods, and we focus considerable effort on helping researchers worldwide to make best use of this technique.
The lab is dedicated to understanding how the brain permits individuals to focus attention and awareness on the most relevant information in the complex and ever-changing world around us. This ability is known as selective attention.
Our research is focused on understanding the neural bases of speech perception, especially in noisy environments. We study mechanisms of acoustic processing, audiovisual integration, and top-down inference in both normal listeners and those with hearing loss.
The Oakes Infant Cognition Lab is dedicated to studying infants' developing mind and brain. Our research focuses on understanding the mechanisms behind infants' memory, categorization, and attention.
The Cognitive Electrophysiology and Neuroimaging (CEAN) laboratory of John Olichney, M.D. (Professor of Neurology, UC Davis School of Medicine) in the Center for Mind and Brain is developing electrophysiological and neuroimaging techniques sensitive to the memory and language impairments characteristic of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
We study neurocognitive development in typical development as well as in atypically developing populations including autism, fragile X syndrome, and Down syndrome. Our laboratory uses behavioral, eye-tracking and neuroimaging techniques to investigate the development of dorsal vs. ventral visual processing, object representation, numerical cognition and affective processing.
Our work involves two broad areas of investigation. The first is related to the training of attention and emotion regulation through contemplative practice. We conducted a large-scale collaborative and multi-method longitudinal investigation of the effects of intensive meditation training, known as "The Shamatha Project." We use qualitative, self-report, behavioral, electrophysiological, and biochemical measures to begin to elucidate the many levels of personal and physiological change that accompany such training. Our second research area concerns sensory processing, multisensory integration, and interhemispheric communication in children with autism spectrum disorders. In collaboration with colleagues at the CMB and M.I.N.D. Institute, we are using sensitive behavioral measures, eye tracking, and dense channel array event-related potentials to investigate possible deficits in these low-level processes, which likely contribute to the complex phenotype of autism.
The research program in the Laboratory for the Cognitive Neuroscience of Language focuses on the psychological and neural mechanisms of language comprehension.
The Human Memory Lab examines the cognitive and brain processes underlying human memory.
Links to labs affiliated with the CMB, though not housed with us.